Referring to the Netherlands as Holland in the English language is similar to calling the United Kingdom "England" by people outside the UK.
The term is so pervasive among potential investors and tourists, however, that the Dutch government's international websites for tourism and trade are "holland.com" and "hollandtradeandinvest.com".
With a population density of 414 people per km – 510 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a larger population and higher population density.
The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial cooperation agency Eurojust and the United Nations Detention Unit.
In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the lower region has been more or less downstream and near the sea.That welfare system combined with its strongly redistributive taxing system makes the Netherlands one of the most egalitarian countries worldwide.It also ranks joint third highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, along with Australia.The Netherlands' turbulent history and shifts of power resulted in exceptionally many and widely varying names in different languages. This holds also for English, where Dutch is the adjective form and the misnomer Holland a synonym for the country "the Netherlands".Dutch comes from Theodiscus and in the past centuries, the hub of Dutch culture is found in its most populous region, Holland, home to the capital city of Amsterdam; government headquarters at The Hague; and Europe's largest port Rotterdam.The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870 and had women's suffrage introduced in 1917.Accepting of the LGBT community, it became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001.Amsterdam is the country's capital, Most of the areas below sea level are artificial.Since the late 16th century, large areas (polders) have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, amounting to nearly 17% of the country's current land mass.The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union.The country is host to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.